Phalaenopsis equestris is a flowering plant of the orchid genus Phalaenopsis and native to Philippines and Taiwan. The inflorescence has 10 to 20 flowers of about 25 mm (1 in) diameter.
Phaleonopsis equestris plays an important role in the development of novelty species and it is frequently used to cross with other hybrids. It has become an important commodity in the international floral trade.
This species is highly variable in morphology as well in the color of its flowers. The following forms occur :
- Phalaenopsis equestris var. alba — a pure white form; lacking yellow pigments on the callus.
- Phalaenopsis equestris var. aurea — white flowers with a solid yellow lip.
- Phalaenopsis equestris var. rosea— flowers with even red petals and sepals; color of the mid-lobe of the lip varies from deep red to light red.
- Phalaenopsis equestris var. leucaspis — small flowers with white edges on pink petals and sepals; mid-lobe of the lip is purple or orange in color with white or yellow callus.
The different colors on the lip are obtained through a different expression of both anthocyanins and carotenoids.
- "Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p. 658-659. Könemann, 2004. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
- Ching-Yan Tang† and Wen-Huei Chen, "Breeding an development of new varietiesd in Phalaenopsis" Orchid biotechnology. World Scientific, Singapore, 2007
- Fu YM, Chen WH, Tsai WT, et al. (1996). "Studies on floral color heredity of Phalaenopsis equestris". Report of the Taiwan Sugar Research Institute. 152: 35–49.
Photo (above right) credit: 'Phalaenopsis equestris', 1 May 2008, by 'AtonX'
Below is selected information from Jay's Internet Orchid Species Photo Encyclopedia and you can find the complete information by following this link here.
Phalaenopsis equestris [Schauer]Rchb.f 1849 SUBGENUS Phalaenopsis SECTION Stauroglottis [Schauer] Benth 1881 Photo by © Milan Vágner
Common Name: The Horse Phalaenopsis
Found from the Philippines and southern Taiwan as a small sized epiphyte near streams in hot valleys at an altitude of sealevel to 300 meters. It is a hot growing, monopodial epiphyte with a short stem enveloped by several limbricating leaf bases and carrying to 5, fleshy, recurved, oblong-elliptic to oblong-ovate, acute or subobtuse leaves that is highly adaptable to various environments and is easy to grow. This species has a habit of making keikis and can rebloom out of old spikes and can continue to send off branches so they are best left uncut. They appreciate a drier winter although never left to dry out completely. Flowers are possible at almost any time of the year although the peak is Sept. through April on a suberect to arcuate, to 12" [30 cm] long, racemose or paniculate, denesly many flowered inflorescence with small, purple bracts and successive opening flowers. The apex of the inflorescence can at times produce a plantlet.
The following is from BlueNanta's 'Orchid Roots', a web site that has quickly grown to be my favorit for finding high quality images and background information on both species and hybrid orchids. It can be found at the link here. This particular image is credited to Gregor Kleefeld. Feel free to take some time and relax browsing the many other photos of the Phal. equestris and it's variants on Orchid Roots.
Still hungry for more? then visit "phals.net" and browse their galleries. I suggest a favorit beverage and snack too.
On this site you will discover a small part of the great Orchid familly : the Phalaenopsis. There are about 60 species in this genus with flowers of various shapes and colors. The goal of this site is to share a passion and to gather together as much information as possible about these plants.
One of my favorite Phalaenopsis is Phalaenopsis equestris. Phalaenopsis equestris is a floriferous plant which produces many branching inflorescence. For this reason, it is one of the most used species in Phalaenopsis hybridizing. Previously, my site was dedicated to the equestris. Therefore, you will find the information on my site regarding this particular species most complete.
This site is far from complete, numerous pictures are still missing. If you have pictures of Phalaenopsis species and/or primary hybrids you wish to share, please contact me: I am most grateful for any assistance in my efforts to continue building and expanding the site. Be careful: because of spam, the above email address is wrong. To contact me you need to correct it: you have to remove the first dot!
Warning : the fascination of these plants is so strong that, if you aren't careful, you'll soon have many of them in your home...
For those who desire some leisure reading with substance, "The genome sequence of the orchid Phalaenopsis equestris" might be of interest. Click the italicized title to point your browser to this wonky read.
The American Orchid Society (AOS) provides a wealth of information regarding taking care and successfully blooming any Phal. Below is just a quick sample, however, as a full member of the AOS, you get access to all the information.
- novice phalaenopsis culture sheet
- phalaenopsis culture sheet
- phalaenopsis the genus
- top ten uncommonest questions asked about phalaenopsis
- phalaenopsis are easy to grow
- phalaenopsis part 2
- phalaenopsis part 4
There are a number of forums specific to orchid growing that are fun to read and worth the time, chances are someone before you had the same questions, and the community replied with numerous answers.
Youtute, is not just for "cute kitten videos'. There are perhaps hundreds of videos specific to phalaenopsis, with a little time searching, you can watch demonstrations on watering, re-potting, cutting the spike, and even discussions of spotting a stressed plant in need of help and how to revive it.